Gerard Doorman is or has been involved in




LinkS is a joint, multi-disciplinary project combining world-leading global top-down climate related research and bottom-up regional energy system design. It provides assessment of regulations and policy instruments in a cross-national comparative perspective. The main objective is to develop an integrated decision support framework for energy infrastructures applicable for both governments and industrial decision makers in order to: 

·        Find optimal investment strategies in regional energy systems from a global perspective but utilizing regional advantages, considering risk and uncertainty.

·        Specify how a given region can contribute to specific emission and climatic targets (e.g. stabilization of atmospheric concentration of CO2) in terms of technology deployment strategies

·        Suggest policy recommendations and instruments supporting a sustainable development of regional energy systems based on regional differences in technology, economy, governance and resources.

·        Analyze how projected climate changes will influence the future development of a regional energy system with increasing share of renewables in a 100-year perspective

·        Verify the decision support framework on full-scale case studies in Europe and China


These objectives are achieved through integrated analyses of technology development, policy instruments, market structures, environment and costs.


My role: Project leader WP4, Short term market and system models.



Nowitech (Norwegian Research Centre for Offshore Wind Technology)

By 2020, an estimated NOK 1000 billions are expected to be invested within the Europe for installation of 50 gigawatts (GW ) of offshore wind power.


Development is underway but is still in an early stage. Roughly 1 GW of offshore wind power has been installed so far, primarily in shallow coastal waters, using what is known as land-based wind power technology.


There is enormous potential for wind power production in deep waters, provided that costs can be reduced to competitive levels. This requires developing offshore technology, a field in which Norwegian industry and research institutions are at the forefront, designing and delivering substructures (jackets, tripods) for bottom-fixed wind turbines in medium-depth waters, for example, and developing the HyWind, SWAY and WindSea floating concepts. A strong initiative such as the establishment of the Norwegian Research Centre for Offshore Wind Technology is vital to ensuring steady progress.


The centre’s R&D activities will primarily be precompetitive, and will include establishing a top-notch doctoral and post-doctoral programme. It is essential that the centre is launched at this point in time, as development is in the start-up phase and Norwegian industry still has a competitive advantage thanks to its many years of experience in offshore oil and gas-related activities.


My role: WP 4, PhD / Postdoc supervision, Balance management with large scale offshore wind integration



Balance Management in International Power Markets

The main objective of the project is to design the scientific foundation for a framework for efficient, market-based balancing of power systems that can be implemented in multinational (‘regional’ in the wording of the European Commission) power markets. The framework should minimize cost and optimize social value by co-ordinating the dispatch of all available system resources. Enabling the flexible use of balancing resources irrespective of the control area to which they belong would reduce balancing cost in multinational power markets. The utilization of Norwegian hydro resources in the Dutch and German markets will be the main focus. To support the main objective, the project has the following sub goals:


·        Identification of present balancing resources and estimation of balance costs in the Northern part of Europe.

·        Identification of the ‘solution space’: what goals would innovative balancing arrangements need to meet, what constraints (technical, economic, institutional or with respect to public policy) apply?

·        Analysis of alternative design frameworks for a multi control area balance market.

·        Estimation of the balancing costs for different arrangements of a multi control area balancing market.

·        Policy advice: which institutional changes are necessary to realize such a market? Which decisions would need to be taken by whom? What additional information is necessary?


The project has a special focus on its applicability in the context of the ‘regional market approach’ suggested by the European Commission in its 2003 Strategy Paper.




GRID – EU Coordinated Action

GRID is a Coordination Action funded under the Trust and Security objective of the IST Programme of the 6th Framework to achieve consensus at the European level on the key issues involved by power systems vulnerabilities, in view of the challenges driven by the transformation of the European power infrastructure. GRID wants to assess the needs of the EU power sector on these issues, so as to establish a Roadmap for collaborative research within the 7th framework programme. Partners in GRID are mostly European research institutes and organizations from the energy and ICT communities.

Role: WP2 Project Leader

Client: EU Information Society Technologies

More information: Grid homepage


2007 – Need for new generation capacity in Northern Europe in the context of large scale introduction of renewable power

An analysis of the change in the capacity balance in Northern Europe caused by the introduction large scale wind power.

Role: Project Leader

Client: Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE)


2005 – Climate and Energy – The consequences of climate change for the Electricity System in the Nordic countries

The project analyzes the consequences of climate change for the Nordic power system with focus on generation and demand. Detailed simulations with a market simulator (EMPS) of the power system with assumed climatic conditions for 2070.

Role: Project Leader

Client: Nordic Council of Ministers

More information: CE homepage


2004 – Vulnerability Study of the Nordic Power System

A comprehensive analysis of the vulnerability of the Nordic Power System. The objectives of the analysis are to identify the vulnerability of the Nordic power system, identify barriers to reduce vulnerability in a Nordic context and to propose possible actions. The study focuses on vulnerability with respect to energy shortage, capacity shortage and power system failures.

Role: Project Leader

Client: Nordic Council of Ministers

Download Report


2001-2004: Competence Building – Capacity Shortage

The objective of the project was to increase knowledge about central approaches aimed at solving the peaking capacity problem in restructured power systems. Specifically, the project assesses the following fields:

         Market based solutions to provide reserve capacity

         Consequences of specific reserve requirements

         Capacity Balance Calculations

         Innovative Solutions

The project has a Nordic perspective with relation to the applicability of proposed solutions.

Role: Project Leader

Client: Research Council of Norway

More information: Project homepage in English or in Norwegian (with publication overview)



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